Sustainable permanent grassland

Horizon 2020 SUPER-G project


The existence and management of permanent grasslands are key to the delivery of multiple ecosystem services across Europe and internationally. The international H2020 SUPER-G project aimed to co-develop sustainable permanent grassland systems and policies with a range of stakeholders, including farmers, advisers and policy makers.

Permanent grassland maintenance and functions are under threat because of changes in management, such as cultivation in higher output farming systems. Another key influence is farmer decision-making in relation to land abandonment in remote and marginal areas, and land-manager decisions to intensify or extensify livestock stocking rates.

The SUPER-G project consortium produced a range of resources, available through the links below. Also see the Centre for Rural Economy at Newcastle University's Policy Brief.

About the SUPER-G project:


The overall objective of the SUPER-G project was to co-develop sustainable permanent grassland systems and policies with farmers and policymakers, that will:

  • Be effective in optimising productivity
  • Support biodiversity
  • Deliver other ecosystem services.


The SUPER-G consortium integrated an interdisciplinary team with a strong track record of working with industry, policy makers and other key land-use stakeholder groups, and combined expertise in biodiversity, agronomy, livestock production, grassland management, animal science, soil science, social science, agricultural economics, policy evaluation, water quality, climate regulation, soil erosion and flood control; across six biogeographic regions. All research was contextualised through a Responsible Research and Innovation approach, which addresses knowledge exchange with key stakeholders, including people living in relevant rural communities and citizens.

Professor Lynn Frewer, at Newcastle University, explains more:

Professor Frewer says:

"SUPER-G has improved our understanding of how permanent grasslands can potentially deliver multiple ecosystem services demanded and required by society. We have a better understanding of farmer and citizen priorities, preferences and behaviours and have provided a framework for communication to help various stakeholders discuss the role of permanent grasslands within agri-food systems, natural ecosystems and landscapes across Europe; and the agricultural and environmental policies that are needed to secure a sustainable future."

Contact details: